Tax Cuts and Jobs Act: Key provisions affecting businesses

Posted on December 26, 2017 at 4:46 pm

The recently passed tax reform bill, commonly referred to as the “Tax Cuts and Jobs Act” (TCJA), is the most expansive federal tax legislation since 1986. It includes a multitude of provisions that will have a major impact on businesses.

Here’s a look at some of the most significant changes. They generally apply to tax years beginning after December 31, 2017, except where noted.

Replacement of graduated corporate tax rates ranging from 15% to 35% with a flat corporate rate of 21%

Repeal of the 20% corporate alternative minimum tax (AMT)

New 20% qualified business income deduction for owners of flow-through entities (such as partnerships, limited liability companies and S corporations) and sole proprietorships — through 2025

Doubling of bonus depreciation to 100% and expansion of qualified assets to include used assets — effective for assets acquired and placed in service after September 27, 2017, and before January 1, 2023

Doubling of the Section 179 expensing limit to $1 million and an increase of the expensing phaseout threshold to $2.5 million

Other enhancements to depreciation-related deductions

New disallowance of deductions for net interest expense in excess of 30% of the business’s adjusted taxable income (exceptions apply)

New limits on net operating loss (NOL) deductions

Elimination of the Section 199 deduction, also commonly referred to as the domestic production activities deduction or manufacturers’ deduction — effective for tax years beginning after December 31, 2017, for noncorporate taxpayers and for tax years beginning after December 31, 2018, for C corporation taxpayers

New rule limiting like-kind exchanges to real property that is not held primarily for sale

New tax credit for employer-paid family and medical leave — through 2019

New limitations on excessive employee compensation

New limitations on deductions for employee fringe benefits, such as entertainment and, in certain circumstances, meals and transportation

Keep in mind that additional rules and limits apply to what we’ve covered here, and there are other TCJA provisions that may affect your business. Contact Frank Leffingwell & Associates, PC at 512-246-3040 for more details and to discuss what your business needs to do in light of these changes. We provide innovative legal solutions for businesses and their owners. Visit www.leffingwelllaw.com for more information.

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